Some symptoms of a brain injury include loss of consciousness, memory problems, headaches and fatigue, blurred vision and vomiting. There are two ways in which brain injuries can occur: A closed brain injury occurs when there is a non-penetrating injury to the brain with no break in the skull. A closed brain injury is caused by a fast forward or backward movement and shaking of the brain inside the skull. This causes bruising and tearing of brain tissue and blood vessels. Closed brain injuries are often the result of car accidents, falls and contact sports. Penetrating, or open head injuries, happen when there is a break in the skull, such as when a bullet or a piece of shrapnel pierces the brain. Sheltering Arms Institute has a traumatic brain injury unit and fellowship-trained physicians who specialize in all types of brain injuries to improve patients’ overall quality of life – physically, emotionally and socially. Our providers offer a full spectrum of highly specialized services to help you or your loved one return to the highest level of function and independence possible. Customized treatment plans encompass an initial assessment and testing throughout the rehabilitation care plan. Therapies focus on improving neuroplasticity (creating new pathways in the brain) and utilizing functional techniques in conjunction with cutting-edge technology development within this field.